German Shepherd.

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History of the breed, character, and content of the pet

The German Shepherd is rightly considered one of the most popular dog breeds. It can perform a variety of functions, from guarding and protecting property and the owner to the ability to be a bloodhound and a family friend. We can talk about this breed for a long time, but you can read the most interesting facts at

How it came to be and its external characteristics

In the Middle Ages, people used dogs to guard and protect sheep, hence the word "sheepdog." On the other hand, the German shepherd dog came to be known as all of Germany's cattle guarding dogs. It appeared due to crossing herding dogs of Southern and Central Germany. Its name finally got in the late nineteenth century, and at the same time, a club of German Shepherd Dog lovers was formed in Germany.

Short-haired German Shepherd, adult

Subsequently, these dogs in addition to sheep breeding, began to be used in the army, the police as a search dog, just as a pet, and in many other places. People also got German Shepherds in order to participate with them in dog shows and show the benefits of this breed.

This breed can reach a height of 50 to 65 cm at the withers, weighing from 20 to 40 kg, has a life span of 10-15 years, and can be long-haired or short-haired; the classic sheepdog has a color combination of black and tan. Due to the increase in varieties of German Shepherds, there are also colors with shades of red, brown, gray, and sable. It reaches a large size and has a wide chest and stance with a lowered pelvis.

Long-haired German Shepherd

Varieties, abilities, and household uses
This breed of dog is distinguished from many by its excellent intelligence and is recognized by all cynologists as one of the most intelligent. On top of that, these dogs have great character. They are not prone to much aggression (except to protect the owner and the protected territory), they are calm and patient, and easy to train (even the most ordinary people who do not have special skills can achieve results and accustom the pet to certain actions) and interact with children, which allows you to have them at home without worrying about your children.

Puppy German Shepherd

Years after the appearance of the breed and the long history of its development, there are several varieties of German Shepherd. Of these, the following can be distinguished:

Dwarf - the peculiarity lies in the smaller size of the animal. This can be caused by a genetic failure, which can affect the dog's health.

West German - this is the classic German Shepherd and is considered the progenitor of all sheepdogs.

East German is different from all of them by its size. It has a more bulky build. It was bred in the GDR in the post-war time.

Dwarf German Shepherd Dog

The Soviet specialists bred Eastern European sheepdogs and the East-German ones. Achieves a height at withers up to 70 cm.

Byelorussian - or as it is also called, "black." Correspondingly has black coloring and reaches a height of 85 cm. It appeared by crossing with dogs living in cold regions of Russia for greater resistance to cold.

Though experts do not accept this name, long-haired - also called "Old German," as the classic sheepdog has a smooth coat. They also bred for resistance to the cold.